2015:Chief of Army Corps of Engineers Approves Port Everglades, Fla. Expansion (The Details)

Approved tentative plan for the widening and deepening of port channels and turning basin.
Approved tentative plan for the widening and deepening of port channels and turning basin

The legend shows the details of the plan, which you should study carefully.  Although none of the expansion will be paid for by imposing increased property taxes on Broward County property owners, one should take heed of the amount of mangrove land to be eliminated to accommodate Port expansion in the light blue rectangle to the west (left). Under federal law, the Port must acquire an equivalent amount of mangrove lands  to mitigate the destruction of environmentally sensitive lands.

Under the plan, the Outer Entrance Channel will be lengthened and widened.  The box in purple called the Widener will increase the size of the turning basin for longer ships required worldwide by the Panama Canal expansion for some of the longest, widest, and heaviest cargo vessels in the World.the forest green box indicating the Inner Entrance Channels will be widened and deepened for traffic flowing to and  from the south for loading or offloading.

The last two boxes in light green are increase space for Notches for Turning and Berthing or just Turning.  The remainder of the colored boxes and lines are as described.  Study them carefully. The Plan represents a the Port’s future, a major enterprise operated by Broward County, Florida.

The Chief of Engineers recommends Port Everglades, Fla. expansion on Friday, June 26, 2015

On Friday, June 26, 2015, the the Chief of Engineers of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers recommended to Congress the expansion of Port Everglades, Fla., as requested by the Broward County Commission.

Broward County has now been given the ‘green light’ to allow the Port to compete with many of the ports on the Atlantic coast for cargo business transiting through the expanded Panama Canal, expected to permit the transit of large mega-cargo ships plying the Seven Seas when construction is complete. A few status videos may be found in the posts throughout this website.  Few ports on the Atlantic coast are expected to have the capacity to berth the large mega-cargo ships of the new millennium. Jacksonville has declined to expand its port to compete for this new business (Jaxport to WGC, April 3, 2015).

Approved tentative plan for the widening and deepening of port channels and turning basin.
Approved tentative plan for the widening and deepening of port channels and turning basin.i

There are significant barriers the County must overcome before breaking ground on the project. One controversial obstacle is the required destruction of a number of acres of mangrove plantations to accommodate the expansion. Under federal law, the Port will be required to mitigate the destruction by planting a substantial number of acres of mangroves in other areas of the County.

Plans call for a partnership between Broward County, Fla., and the Army Corps of Engineers that may last for several decades.  Although county property taxes might ordinarily increase, the project will not increase local property taxes.  The improvements will be paid for by users of the port and anticipated federal grants.

“Colored” troops disembarking from a steamer returning from the war in Cuba

Rare footage recorded on Thomas Edison Moving Picture paper film in May 1898 at Tampa, Florida.

This film records African-American troops walking down a steep plank as they disembark a troop steamer in May 1898 returning from fighting in Cuba during the short-lived Spanish American War. The plank was especially steep because the disembarkation occurred during high tide. The white men in command seem to ‘encourage’ the black troops down a very steep and dangerous plank.

Henry Plant, his railroad, and the Port of Tampa on the west coast of Florida won the battle against Henry Flagler, his railroad and the Port of Miami for the lucrative contracts associated with the Army and Navy staging the American disembarkations to Cuba.

News accounts reflect that the Army dispatched survey parties to determine which coast and railway would serve the military better. One of the east coast surveyors, Captain David Gaillard, a cousin of the Florida canal company’s Henry Gaillard, would later supervise the grueling work of cutting through a mountain in constructing the Culebra Cut in the Panama Canal.

The Florida canal company also won a lucrative contract over Henry Plante to move mortars and large guns via the unfinished Florida east coast canal, later to be known as the Florida portion of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway.

West Coast Business Leaders Urge Capitalizing on the Panama Canal


Government, business leaders urge capitalizing on canal expansion
Oct 30, 2014, 2:47pm EDT

Wade Millward
Former Florida Senator George LeMieux listens to the business panel at a global trade symposium Thursday. LeMieux, now with the Gunster law firm, gave the event’s final presentation on the importance of global trade.

Wade Millward
Tampa Bay Business Journal
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With more investment, Florida can lead the Western Hemisphere in global trade, speakers preached to audience members at a Thursday symposium.
Two panels, one of government officials and a later one of trade and transport executives, highlighted conditions the state can use to capitalize on the finished $5.2 billion Panama Canal expansion next year.
They touted expansion projects also happening in the state to ease transportation congestion and provide a skilled workforce.
Tampa Bay Business Journal and Bank of America Merrill Lynch hosted the Tampa Bay Global Trade and Transportation Symposium at Port Tampa Bay.
Speakers from both panels demanded audience members request more spending from the Legislature to increase the state’s reputation as an international hub and surpass states such as California and New York.
“Somebody’s going to win this race,” moderator Tony Carvajal, who is Florida Chamber Foundation’s executive vice president, said at the panel’s close. “We’ve got to do this now.”
The port is adding 25 acres and expanding to seven total docking cruise lines in time for cruise season starting Sunday, CEO Paul Anderson said. It’s in negotiations with manufacturers, including a handful from Latin America, to open in Tampa Bay.
Tampa International Airport will finish an expansion by 2017 and is negotiating direct flights from Europe to encourage tourism and foreign companies to open local regional offices, CEO Joe Lopano said.
The Florida Department of Transportation is widening Interstate 75 from the Georgia border to Alligator Alley to six lanes, assistant secretary Rich Biter said.
Hillsborough County will open a small business center for entrepreneurs in two weeks, County Commissioner Sandra Murman said.
“We will be the place where everybody wants to be,” the commissioner said.
During the business panel, Bob O’Malley, CSX resident vice president of state government and community affairs, said CSX will hire a few thousand workers for upcoming projects and to replace retiring employees.
CSX opened a distribution center in Winter Haven to act as statewide hub and broke ground on a 400,000-square-foot nearby space for retailers, O’Malley said.
The lesson from the symposium should be the necessity of government creating business opportunities while companies deliver more trade, said panel moderator and Florida Chamber of Commerce global outreach director Alice Ancona.
One recent success: Tampa International Airport recruiting Copa Airlines, which offers flights between Tampa and Panama City, Panama.
“The partnership I’ve seen here is how we can together grow international trade,” said Fernando Fondevila, Copa Airlines regional commercial manager for North America.
Wade Millward is a reporter for the Tampa Bay Business Journal.

President Theodore Roosevelt operating a Dredge in the Culebra Cut of the Panama Canal

Pres. Theodore Roosevelt operating what appears to be a dipper elevator dredge in the Culebra Cut in 1906,
Pres. Theodore Roosevelt operating what appears to be an elevator dredge in the Culebra Cut in 1906.

The Culebra Cut was the most difficult of all the dredging operations in the digging of the Panama Canal.  Capt. David Gaillard, of French Hugenot ancestry, was chief of dredging operations at the Cut and a cousin of Henry Gaillard.  Henry had been one of the four original incorporators of the Florida canal company, the longest serving director, and a St. Augustine state senator.  Henry’s political importance in securing the million acres of state land promised for dredging what would become the Intracoastal Waterway cannot be overstated.  Without Henry’s political clout after the death of Dr. John Westcott, it is doubtful the company would have been successful.

The Culebra Cut was essentially a cut through a solid mountain.  So arduous was the work, including dynamiting and the building of a railway to remove the rock and debris, it left David a broken man.  David was hospitalized for the balance of the Panama Canal work.  He died before the opening ceremonies. Here, Roosevelt operates an elevator dredge, which required level ground and the laying of railway steel and wooden ties.  The Florida canal company used elevator dredges in the northern extension of the Florida waterway from St. Augustine to Jacksonville.  Courtesy, Library of Congress, American Memory.