The map below shows the boundary lines of the Country of Poland as well as the delineation of railroad and canal lines. Of all the countries of Europe, Poland possesses the fewest canals and the least total number of canal miles in Europe.

Accordingly, Poland is at a severe disadvantage in the transportation of commercial goods across the country and with other countries in Europe.

This disadvantage impairs the ability to transport materials, parts and, assemblages  required for the manufacture of larger goods such as plant machinery, automobiles, and trucks, as well as sand and rocks for concrete and heavy construction.

The most famous and longest canal in Venice, Italy. Venice was built beginning in the 1600’s on islands and on trees driven into the bottom of a shallow sea. There are no roads. Transportation is by gondola to piazzas, buildings, and palaces. Over the years,

Venice has been sinking as a result of wave action from the seas. Engineers are working on large mechanical barriers to reduce wave action eroding the base upon which Venice was originally built.