Monthly Archives: April 2016

University of Florida News: protecting blue holes parks

Recently, the Bahamian government protected a 34,000-acre underwater blue holes park.  University of Florida scientists have dubbed these caves, now inundated with water, as underwater ‘blue caves’.  These blue caves contain a plethora  of ancient and historic artifacts of the past.

Without protection these blue holes are likely to be plundered or obliterated, with the knowledge within them lost for all time.  The Bahamian government has protected the first such blue holes park, the South Abaco Blue Holes Park. Florida scientists are hopeful additional blue holes parks will be protected by governmental declaration.

The Welland Canal

Welland Canal. a 27 mile inland waterway connecting Lake Supereior and Lake Erie and first built between 1824 and 1830.

Welland Canal. a 27 mile inland waterway connecting Lake Supereior and Lake Erie and first built between 1824 and 1830.

The Welland Canal is a short 27 mile ship canal connecting Lake Superior and Lake Erie, circumventing the Niagara Falls, operated by the United States and Canada. This inland waterway was first built between 1824 and 1830 by the Welland Canal Company, a private inland waterway company. Three more canals would be built; and fifth waterway is incomplete as of this writing. The eight locks permit cargo ships to ascend from Lake Superior to Lake Erie. a distance of 80 feet. The locks are eighty feet wide and can accommodate ships 740 feet long. It requires eleven hours for a ship to transit the entire length of the canal and pass through the eight locks.

The Saint Lawrence Seaway



The Saint Lawrence Seaway is a joint United States-Canada 370-mile seaway that permits ocean freighters to transit from the western end of Lake Superior to the Atlantic Ocean by way of a continuous chain of channels, canals, and locks.  Others describe the Seaway from Montreal, Quebec, through the Welland Canal to Lake Erie.

A system of locks, canals and channels in Canada and the United States permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far inland as the western end of Lake Superior. The Seaway is named for the Saint Lawrence River, which flows from Lake Ontario to the Atlantic Ocean. Legally, the Seaway extends from Montreal, Quebec, to Lake Erie and includes the Welland Canal.

This Montreal-to-Lake Erie section upstream of the Seaway is not a continuous canal; rather, it consists of several stretches of navigable channels within the river, a number of locks, and canals along the banks of the St. Lawrence River to bypass several falls, Rapids, locks, and dams along the way. A number of the locks are managed by the Saint Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation in Canada; others in the United States by the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation.  The two bodies together advertise the Seaway as part of “Highway H2O”. The section of the river downstream of Montreal, which is fully within Canadian jurisdiction, is regulated by the offices of Transport Canada at the Port of Quebec.